The Judicial System in India is one of the most constructive & effectual systems in the world. It has been constructed after the 2 centuries long colonial rule by the. A2A: The Judiciary is the third organ of the government. It has the responsibility to apply the laws to specific cases and settle all disputes. The real 'meaning of. As per the government, as held by the court in the Three Judges Cases – (, , ), a judge is appointed to the Supreme Court and the High Courts by the President of India from a list of names recommended by the collegium — a closed group of the Chief Justice of India and the senior-most judges of the Supreme ‎The Constitution and the · ‎Courts · ‎Issues · ‎Reform.


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As per the Ministry of Law and Justice, by the end of Marchthese courts had resolved However, since their inception, the number of functioning courts has marginally reduced every year.

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These Lok Adalats are efficient to handle different cases such as motor accident compensation cases, matrimonial and family disputes, land acquisition disputes and partition claims, etc. The judiciary plays a pivotal role in the country by maintaining and administering the laws.

Judiciary of India – Study Notes for Banking & SSC Exams in PDF

It not only administers justice but also protects the rights of the citizens of the country. With the judiciary of india number of commercial disputes growing rapidly, facilitating a seamless dispute resolution system through alternate means has become crucial.


According to Transparency Internationaljudicial corruption in India is attributable to factors such as "delays in the disposal of cases, shortage of judges the judiciary of india complex procedures, all of which are exacerbated by a preponderance of new laws".

Supreme Court of India.

Judiciary in India: 11 Salient Features of Indian Judiciary

Some notable cases include: In AprilA judicial Magistrate Debanjan Ghosh gave bail to an the judiciary of india accused, and it is alleged that it is unusual unless huge money is involved. The High Court is the highest court of appeal in the state.

It has the supervisory and consultative role.

The High Court of a State has all jurisdiction powers given to supreme court except other powers. The judiciary of india Parliament and the state Legislature are responsible to change the jurisdiction and powers of the High Courts.

The Appointment of the Judges of the High Court is done by President after consultation with Chief Justice and concerned state governor. The Removal of the Judges of the High Court is done by an order of the President after an address by parliament the judiciary of india been presented to him.


The Address must be supported by a special majority of each house of Parliament. Note — The President can appoint a judge of High Court as acting chief the judiciary of india of the high court. It also plays a role in the evolution of Constitution through the exercise of its right to interpret and safeguard it against all legislative and executive excesses.

Importance of Independent Judiciary: In the life of the citizens of a state, Judiciary is a source of confidence and fearlessness. The common man depends upon judiciary for getting justice.

Judiciary of India

Without a security of rights and freedom guaranteed by the judiciary, they cannot really hope to carry out their jobs and enjoy their living. They are more dependent upon judiciary than the legislature and the executive. Without judicial protection, their lives can become miserable.

From citizens point of view Judiciary is the most important organ of the government. An the judiciary of india judiciary is always considered to be the most essential part of every democratic government worth its name. A government without judiciary is almost inconceivable.